Canyons on Earth, Mars Reinterpreted as Flood-Caused

first_img(Visited 30 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Catastrophic floods formed canyons long thought to have been formed by slow, gradual processes.On EarthThe Atacama Desert is one of the driest places on Earth today, but it was the scene of catastrophic floods in the past.  A new paper in Icarus (the leading solar system journal) takes a look at amphitheater-headed canyons in the Chilean desert.  Previously, they were explained by sapping, the failure of cliffs due to springs.  Finding a flood model more appropriate, the geologists extend their finding to the planet Mars:Understanding planetary landforms, including the theater-headed valleys (box canyons) of Mars, usually depends on interpreting geological processes from remote-sensing data without ground-based corroboration. Here we investigate the origin and development of two Mars-analog theater-headed valleys in the hyperarid Atacama Desert of northern Chile. Previous workers attributed these valleys to groundwater sapping based on remote imaging, topography, and publications on the local geology. We evaluate groundwater sapping and alternative hypotheses using field observations of characteristic features, strength measurements of strata exposed in headscarps, and estimates of ephemeral flood discharges within the valleys… Flood discharge estimates of cubic meters to tens of cubic meters per second, derived using the Manning equation, are consistent with the size of transported clasts and show that the ephemeral streams are geomorphically effective, even in the modern hyperarid climate. We interpret that headscarp retreat in the Quebrada de Quisma is due to ephemeral flood erosion of weak Miocene epiclastic strata beneath a strong welded tuff, with erosion of the tuff facilitated by vertical jointing.On MarsA separate paper in Icarus re-evaluated “some of the largest channels in the Solar System” that have been the subject of intense interest since the 1970s.  Some of the narrow canyons in the southern circum-Chryse area have landforms in the 10-meter to 100-meter (football field size) range.  Previous studies proposed catastrophic floods, lava flows, debris flows and even glaciers.  Dates assumed for the canyons were in the 3-billion-year range.  The new study not only weighs in favor of catastrophic floods, but re-dates them far more recent:These terrains include landforms consistent in shape, dimension and overall assemblage to those produced by catastrophic floods, and at one location, to glacial morphologies. Impact crater statistics for four of these surfaces, located within upstream, midstream and downstream outflow channel surfaces, yield an age estimate of ∼600 myr. This suggests that the southern circum-Chryse outflow channels were locally resurfaced by some of the most recent catastrophic floods on the planet, and that these floods coexisted within regional glacier environments as recently as during the Middle Amazonian.We’ve noted in previous entries that crater-count dating is notoriously unreliable (3/02/14, 5/22/12, 4/03/11, etc.).  Still, this re-evaluation forces geologists to consider a date that is one fifth of the previously assumed date.  For more on floods as a cause of canyons, see 5/03/14, 12/19/13 and 5/23/08.Dating a Martian (Surface)Sun: There are other indications Mars cannot be even as old as 600 million years.  For one, Mars is subjected to coronal mass ejections without the protection of a global magnetic field.  PhysOrg discussed how the sun could have eroded the Martian atmosphere over hundreds of millions of years — far less than the billions assumed — yet a thicker atmosphere is necessary to account for surface water capable of causing the catastrophic flooding that the scientists proposed for the canyons at Chryse.  A video animation in the article shows a hypothetical watery Martian landscape drying out into the windy desert we see today, as its atmosphere depletes under a merciless sun.Wind: Another article on PhysOrg discusses the sandblasting effect of constant wind.  “Winds on Mars can be strong and can reach hurricane speed (more than 120 kilometres per hour or 75 miles per hour),” said Francois Ayoub of Caltech.  He added that at the study site (a 15-square mile area at Nil Patera, observed for one Martian year), such winds were a daily occurrence.  “High winds are a near-daily force on the surface of Mars, carving out a landscape of shifting dunes and posing a challenge to exploration,” the article begins.  This was a surprise:But data about the strength, frequency and origin of winds has been sketchy, and many specialists had expected that gusts strong enough to move sand would be rare on a planet with such a thin atmosphere.“We observed that martian sand dunes are currently migrating and that their migration speed varies with the season, which is at odds with the common view of a static martian landscape and very rare sand-moving winds,” study co-author Francois Ayoub of the California Institute of Technology’s planetary sciences division told AFP.The study shows that even in today’s thin Martian atmosphere (about 1% the density of Earth’s), the winds are strong enough to form and move the large sand dunes seen at many locations on Mars.  Wouldn’t billions of years of wind have eroded every landform, including the canyons and volcanoes, into small particles, long before now?  In 2/03/11, we quoted a leading Mars geologist wondering about this: “There’s a good question why Mars isn’t a billiard-ball planet covered by a kilometer of dust,” Phil Christensen said.  To keep Mars old, he proposed an ad hoc speculation that dust formation only occurs in cycles 2% of the time.These questions never seem to faze the astrobiologists.  NASA’s Astrobiology Magazine tried recently to revive interest in possible indications of life in Martian meteorites, just like one dubbed ALH 84001 did when featured at a famous 1996 press conference that gave birth to the new “science” of astrobiology — still looking for pertinent subject matter to scientifically study.Who is surprised?  It’s always the secular geologists and planetary scientists.  Why are they surprised?  Because they are moyboys, wedded to belief in millions and billions of years.  Do you see any actual, empirical, observation, scientific facts in these stories that would lead one to believe in such unfathomably long periods of time?  No?  Do you, instead, see more evidence for quick-acting processes over short periods of time?  Yes?  As you read this, are you sitting within the atmosphere of a beautifully-designed planet filled with life?  Does it look anything like Mars or Venus?  Why do you think that is?  Do you feel that science should follow the evidence where it leads?last_img read more

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Kgalema Motlanthe elected President

first_imgMotlanthe was also involved in the establishment of the Mineworkers Investment Company (MIC), which was wholly owned by the Mineworkers Investment Trust, with seed capital of R3-million. This has proven to be one of the best examples of effective economic empowerment in the country. He was instrumental in negotiating a deal for mineworkers under which their wage increases would be pegged to productivity at a time when the gold price was low and the industry was closing marginal mines. This deal helped to avert massive retrenchments in the sector. While in NUM he served on the Miners’ International Federation, and was involved in exchange programmes with the United Mineworkers of Australia. “In terms of item 6 of part A, schedule A of the Constitution, I declare the honourable Kgalema Motlanthe duly elected President of the Republic of South Africa,” Langa announced. Motlanthe will now proceed to Tuynhuys in Cape Town, were he will be sworn in as President of the Republic. He is then expected to announce his deputy and new Cabinet. Chief Justice Pius Langa announced in the National Assembly in Cape Town on Thursday that Motlanthe had won an outright majority of votes following a secret ballot by Members of Parliament to emerge as the third post-apartheid President of the country. The unit was later instructed to transform its function to sabotage. While some members of the unit left the country, Motlanthe and Stan Nkosi remained in the country to establish this function. Their unit was also involved in smuggling MK soldiers in and out of the country via Swaziland. The minister in the Presidency and deputy president of the African National Congress (ANC), Kgalema Motlanthe, has been elected President of South Africa, a position he will hold until the country’s next elections in 2009. After his release in 1987, tasked with strengthening the country’s labour union movement, Motlanthe worked for the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), and in 1992 was elected secretary-general of the union. According to the ANC, Motlanthe was born into a working class family in Alexandra, Johannesburg on 19 July 1949, growing up in Alexandra before moving to Soweto. Thabo Mbeki resigned as President on Sunday after being asked to do so by the ANC’s national executive committee. The ANC had nominated its deputy president for the position, while the Democratic Alliance had nominated its candidate Joe Seremane. Motlanthe earned 269 votes, while Seremane got 50 votes. A total of 41 ballot papers were spoilt. 25 September 2008 In December, he was elected deputy president of the ANC at its 52nd National Conference in Polokwane, having served as the party’s secretary-general since 1997. In the 1970s, while working for the Johannesburg City Council, he was recruited into the ANC’s armed wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe, where he formed part of a unit tasked with recruitment. In July, Motlanthe was appointed minister in the Presidency, taking over some of former Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka’s responsibilities. On 14 April 1976, Motlanthe and Nkosi were arrested and kept in detention at John Vorster Square in Johannesburg for 11 months. In 1977, Motlanthe was found guilty of three charges under the Terrorism Act and sentenced to an effective 10 years’ imprisonment on Robben Island. When the ANC was unbanned in 1990, Motlanthe was put in charge of re-establishing the legal structures of the organisation in the Gauteng region, and was elected its first chairperson. Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

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Project Glück Auf

first_imgKurz bevor ich auf dem Goodbye-Event meine Stempelkarte einreichte.Share with your Friends:More Jedes Jahr können ein paar glückliche Mitarbeiter des Geocaching-Hauptquartiers an einem Mega- oder Giga-Event teilnehmen. Bri Suffety und Cindy Potter waren kürzlich in Essen und haben das Giga-Event “Project Glück Auf 2016” (GC55555) besucht. Bri (Sassy Bandit) ist Frontend-Entwickler und Cindy (Frau Potter) ist Community-Direktor. Les weiter, was Bri über den Besuch schreibt.Geocaching-Mitarbeiter, Frau Potter und Sassy Bandit mit einem der Giga-Organisatoren, Alex.Inmitten der Region mit der höchsten Geocache-Dichte befindet sich ein altes Steinkohlebergwerk, welches einst vom Abriss bedroht war – die Zeche Zollverein. Schachte wachsen in den Himmel, Ziegelgebäude sprenkeln das Land und die Gehwege schlängeln sich um das Gelände, wie es einst die Gleise taten. Dieser Ort bietet eine einzigartige Kulisse für die 10000 Geocacher, welche sich 2016 zum Project Glück Auf Giga-Event zusammen fanden.Food trucks and Geocachers galoreGeocacherin stempelt die Logbuch-StechkarteDer Name – Glück Auf – ist ein Bergmannsgruß. Sie wünschten sich damit “Glück, einen neuen Kohlegang aufzutun”, aber auch eine gesunde Rückkehr nach der Schicht.Das “Glück Auf”-Wochenende begann mit der Registrierung, Lab-Caches und einem Meet&Greet-Event mit Livemusik und einem Logbuch, an welchem Geocacher mit einer Stechkarte “einstempelten”. Ich glaube, ich hatte noch nie so viel Spass mich auf einem Logbuch einzutragen.Das Hauptevent fand am Samstag statt und sollte um 10 Uhr morgens beginnen – das hätte man nicht gedacht, wenn man die viele Leute gesehen hat, die sich schon um 8 Uhr versammelten. Überall sah man Menschen, aber zum Glück hat es sich nie gedrängt angefühlt. Die Organisatoren nutzten das Gelände gut aus; die Aktivitäten waren gut verteilt und trotzdem war alles zu Fuß erreichbar.Geocachers versuchen eine Grubenlampe so lange wie möglich hochzuhalten.Die Lab-Caches und Spiele waren am weitesten entfernt vom Mittelpunkt des Events. Das war für mich die perfekte Gelegenheit, um auf Erkundung zu gehen. Eines der Spiele, an welchem ich teilnahm, forderte Geocacher heraus, eine Grubenlampe so lange wie möglich mit ausgestrecktem Arm hochzuhalten. Man trat nicht nur gegen die anderen in der Gruppe an, sondern auch gegen die Bestzeit des Tages. Als ich an der Reihe war, war die Bestzeit länger als 10 Minuten. Ich konnte gerade mal halb so lange aushalten, bevor mein bebender Arm nicht länger aushalten konnte.Ich war erstaunt zu sehen, wie viele Leute am Samstag auf dem Event-Gelände blieben. Ich hätte gedacht, dass es ein konstantes Kommen und Gehen geben würde, doch den ganzen Tag über gab es eine lebendige Energie auf dem Event. Picknick-Tische wurden zum Treffpunkt für Mahlzeiten und Zusammenkunft von Freunden, die Kaffee- und Eis-Wagen hatten eine sich stehts bewegende Schlage und und das Gebäude mit den Verkaufsständen war voller zufriedener Käufer. Selbst als das Tagslicht zu schwinden begann und die Geocaching-Band Dosenfischer zu spielen begann, sah man noch viele Gesichter, die sich um die Bühne versammelten.Signal auf der Bühne während des Dosenfischer-KonzertsGeocaching-Mitarbeiter Sassy Bandit mit hopmaniak auf dem Goodbye-EventSonntag morgen begann mit dem Schicht im Schacht Goodbye-Event und Wolken drohten mit Regen. Zum Glück fielen aber nur ein paar vereinzelte Tropfen.Als das Event sich dem Ende zuneigte und Umarmungen verteilt wurden, fühlte war ich dankbar, dass ich die Möglichkeit hatte, am Project Glück Auf teilzunehmen, aber auch ein bisschen traurig, dass es Zeit war, von alten und neuen Freunden Abschied zu nehmen.Ein riesiges Dankeschön an das Orga-Team für euer Engagement und dass ihr ein so erinnerungswürdiges und gut organisiertes Event auf die Beine gestellt habt, welches unglaublich Spaß gemacht hat und Menschen aus der ganzen Welt inspiriert hat, sich zu treffen und Geocaching zu feiern. Ihr verdient eine riesen Runde Applaus. Glück auf!Das Orga-Team und Familie vor dem Meet&Greet Logbuch SharePrint RelatedAnkündigung der nächsten beiden GIGA-EventsMarch 6, 2015In “Deutsch”Ein Blick hinter die Kulissen von Mega- und Giga-EventsAugust 27, 2019In “Deutsch”Die Mega-Event-Zeit steht an!April 9, 2019In “Deutsch”center_img Deutsche und Brasilianische Geocaching-Freunde trafen sich auf dem Giga-Event wieder.last_img read more

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Appolicious is Like Delicious for iPhone Apps

first_imgsarah perez Related Posts Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro… Looking for new iPhone apps? With a marketplace filled with over 65,000 applications (give or take), finding the best ones via iTunes has become an exercise in futility. With the next big Apple announcement a little over a week away, we still have high hopes that Apple will introduce a version of their iTunes software that makes it easier to find new apps which appeal to you. In the meantime however, we turn to the various startups addressing this issue in their own unique ways. The latest company among them to debut an app discovery service is Appolicious, a new social network and app sharing site which reminds us of the social bookmarking mainstay Delicious. To date, we’ve seen a plethora of app discovery services appear including app tracking sites like Apptism, app discovery tools like AppBeacon (our coverage), Digg clones like Freshapps (our coverage), app recommendation services like 16apps, and even “apps for sharing apps” like Appsfire (our coverage). Despite the number of offerings available, there are those out there who are convinced that the problem has not yet been solved. One of those folks is Al Warms, an entrepreneur known best for selling BuzzTracker to Yahoo in 2007. He has created a new service called Appolicious which aims to make app sharing and discovery a breeze. About AppoliciousAccording to Kara Swisher of All Things Digital, Appolicious is “a combination of Twitter, Facebook and Yahoo, with some Yelp sprinkled in…” but we think the new recommendation service is, as the name implies, closer to that of social bookmarking tool Delicious. As with Delicious, you have an account where you save your items – except here, instead of links, you’re saving apps. Also like Delicious, you have the opportunity to “follow” other people whose items you enjoy. Similar to Delicious’s “my network” feature, this will highlight people like you who save and share items that fit your interests. Again, we’re talking apps not links.The basic concept behind this idea is to mirror the real world of friend recommendations. You know, when your iPhone-carrying buddy says “hey, have you seen this cool new app?” How it WorksOf course, in order for you to share your apps with others, you first have to import them into Appolicious. If you want to be more selective, you can manually type in the names of the apps you own, but the easiest way to get started is to do an app import. The App Library Builder is a Java-based tool which scans your iTunes library for your owned applications. Getting to the tool is a bit harder than it should be we think, since it’s not prominently featured on the main Appolicious homepage. However, from your “edit profile” page, clicking through on the link “view my full app library” from the blue box at the bottom of the page will get you going. Once started, the app detects the location of your iTunes App folder then presents a list of all your apps. Checkboxes are provided so you can check and uncheck the apps you want to import. Unlike our experience with Appsfire, Appolicious accurately detected our applications…all of them (save for jailbreak apps). The apps are then added to your library. Once imported, you have the opportunity to rate them or write a review, although these steps aren’t really all that necessary. By simply owning an application and sharing it on the service, that in and of itself is a recommendation of sorts. Finding Friends Needs WorkTo get the best recommendations, you’ll need to import some friends to Appolicious. Unfortunately, the service only allows you to import friends from Gmail or Yahoo! mail by logging into your account using your username and password. Despite featuring a Facebook Connect option for login to the site, there doesn’t appear to be a Facebook friend import. Neither is there a way to import friends from other social services like Twitter, for example. At the very least, you would think that when you land on a user’s profile page there would be an option to add them as a friend, but even that isn’t an option. Sadly, without better friend finding/following options, the entire service’s concept could easily fail. We hope they’ll address this issue in a future update. RecommendationsFor now, we can overlook the poor implementation of friending features because Appolicious itself serves up its own recommendations. Plus, by categorizing your “app personality” in your profile (I’m a “social networker” and “tech junkie”), you’re offered recommendations from people like you – that is, those who have categorized themselves in the same way.center_img Tags:#Apple#Product Reviews#social networks#web A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Audit The Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videos Conclusion: We’ll Give it a ShotOverall, though, we like the concept of a social network such as this. With a much better import process than Appsfire, it’s already off to a good start. And the Delicious model is a great one to mimic for a recommendation service. As long as Appolicious can address the friending issues mentioned above, it could really be a contender for the best place to discover new apps from your friends. That is, unless Apple surprises us with an App Store update that perfects app sharing and recommendations in iTunes itself. Update: Appsfire’s latest version corrects the problems seen in the initial testing mentioned above.last_img read more

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Rockets beat Mavericks for 8th straight win

first_imgAFP official booed out of forum Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH Houston Rockets center Clint Capela (15) shoots as Dallas Mavericks guard Dennis Smith Jr., bottom and forward Doug McDermott, left, defend during the first half of an NBA basketball game, Sunday, Feb. 11, 2018, in Houston. (AP Photo/Eric Christian Smith)HOUSTON — James Harden scored 27 points, Chris Paul added 25 and the Houston Rockets easily handled the short-handed Dallas Mavericks to get a 104-97 win on Sunday night.The Rockets have won eight straight and 12 of 13.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting Read Next The Rockets led for most of the game, but the Mavericks kept it close until a couple of runs in the third quarter allowed Houston to pull away.They were up by 12 to start the fourth quarter and led 93-77 after four straight points by Nene early in the quarter. Yogi Ferrell had the next seven points, highlighted by a 3-pointer he made before crashing to the ground as he was fouled, to cut the lead to 93-84 with about eight minutes remaining.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutHouston scored the next five points, with a basket from Paul just before the shot clock expired followed by a 3 from Harden that spurred Dallas coach Rick Carlisle to call a timeout with about six minutes left.But the Mavericks, who were playing their first game this season without Dirk Nowitzki, didn’t threaten again and most of the Rockets’ starters were soon on the bench with the game in hand. Houston got back on track after that, using an 8-2 spurt to make it 84-73 with less than a minute left in the quarter. Eric Gordon got things going in that stretch with a 3-pointer, and Paul scored the last five points.Ferrell added a basket for Dallas after that, but Gordon capped the third quarter with another 3 to leave Houston up 87-75 entering the fourth.Houston led 57-55 at halftime.TIP-INSMavericks: Nowitzki stayed in Dallas because of a swollen left ankle. … Wesley Matthews didn’t make the trip because of tightness in his lower back.Rockets: Trevor Ariza missed his seventh straight game with a strained left hamstring. … Clint Capela added 16 points, 11 rebounds and three blocks.UP NEXTMavericks: Host Sacramento on Tuesday.Rockets: Visit Minnesota on Tuesday. Paul had nine assists and eight rebounds and Harden had five assists and six rebounds.Ferrell scored 20 points for the Mavs, who have lost eight of 10. Dwight Powell had 18 points and 12 rebounds.The Rockets were up by two early in the third quarter when they used an 8-2 run to make it 68-60 with about 8½ minutes left in the quarter.Powell scored four points in a row later in the third to get Dallas within 5. Harden made two free throws after that before both teams went cold, with nobody scoring for the next 2½ minutes.Maximilian Kleber ended the drought with an alley-oop to cut the lead to 76-71 with about three minutes left.ADVERTISEMENT Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding MOST READ Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Philippine Floorball Association kicked off PFL season 2017-2018 Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City View commentslast_img read more

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a month agoLiverpool defender Van Dijk: I belong on the dais with Messi and Ronaldo

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Liverpool defender Van Dijk: I belong on the dais with Messi and Ronaldoby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool defender Virgil van Dijk insists any individual awards “won’t change me”.Van Dijk won UEFA’s Player of the Year at the end of last month, being awarded the title ahead of football greats Lionel Messi, of Barcelona, and Juventus striker Cristiano Ronaldo.After helping Liverpool win the Champions League last season and finish runners up to Manchester City in the Premier League title race, Van Dijk is also up for FIFA’s The Best gong. And again among the nominees are Messi and Ronaldo.Van Dijk, who also won last season’s PFA Player of the Year, told Algemeen Dagblad: “Whatever comes out, it won’t change me.“Look, you can’t compare me as a football player with (Lionel) Messi or (Cristiano) Ronaldo. I think the only thing you can try is to compare the impact we have had on our teams. And even that is very difficult.”I am especially pleased that there is appreciation for defenders. That we are being looked at differently. And that there can be a reward for all the dirty work that has been done.”Van Dijk is quick to highlight the contribution of teammates to his success – both with Liverpool and The Netherlands. The defender, who kicked off his career with Willem II ten years ago, admits the individual recognition is reliant on winning trophies with his team.He added, “This is thanks to the boys from Liverpool and Oranje. You really only win these prizes if you have achieved success together.”No matter what happens, Van Dijk insists he will accept the title proudly should he win The Best trophy.He explained: “Do I deserve it? What I think is that we have had a fantastic year. We were also able to win the Super Cup back in August. It just feels great. A defender does not often win individual prizes. I think Fabio Cannavaro was the last in 2006. Maybe it is time for a defender again.”- updated September 23 last_img read more

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22 days agoStandard Liege coach Preud’homme: Any Arsenal result a surprise

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Standard Liege coach Preud’homme: Any Arsenal result a surpriseby Paul Vegas22 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveStandard Liege coach Michel Preud’homme admits they’re rank outsiders going to Europa League opponents Arsenal.The former goalkeeper says any result would be a bonus.”Getting a result would be a surprise,” says Preud’homme. “Of course we all hope so. What the reality brings, however, we’ll only know tomorrow night. I have told my players to take advantage of this competition to give everything. With the ambition to get the most out of it. “We are going to try to play our football. Our biggest weapons? Every week, we are a team that tries to think collectively.” last_img read more

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Decisive Action From Russia Iran and Turkey Required to Avoid Needless Deaths

first_imgThe Elders strongly urge the three guarantors of the “Astana Process” – Iran, Russia and Turkey – to overcome their recent differences and work hand-in-hand to prevent heavy civilian casualties in Syria’s Idlib region. A large-scale offensive there appears imminent.Gro Harlem Brundtland, Acting Chair of The Elders and former Prime Minister of Norway, said:“Russia, Iran and Turkey have taken it upon themselves to work together to restore peace and security to Syria. As a result, they have a heavy responsibility to act decisively at this time to prevent further deaths and injuries to civilians in Idlib. The situation could not be more urgent.”Almost half Idlib’s estimated population of 2.9 million are people who have been displaced from other parts of the country. Among them, about a million children are most at risk. Indiscriminate aerial bombardments over the past days are already reported to have caused many casualties.Lakhdar Brahimi, Elder and the former UN and Arab League Special Envoy for Syria, added:“The people of Syria have suffered too much and for far too long. The Syrian Government and its supporters, Turkey and the armed groups can and must do all that is necessary to ensure that the vast civilian population in Idlib province receives the effective protection which international humanitarian law gives them.”The Elders have long urged the US and Russian Governments to work together, patiently and persistently, first to end the fighting and then to focus on a meaningful political process.
The UN Special Envoy Staffan de Mistura has called for a Syrian constitutional committee to meet in Geneva in the coming days.Martti Ahtisaari, Elder, Nobel Laureate and former President of Finland who has helped end several intractable conflicts, commented:“Any lasting solution to this war must of course be fully Syrian-owned. But, to get to that point, the external actors first need to work together. The reference point must remain UN Security Council Resolution 2254 of December 2015. It was approved unanimously and remains the agreed political route for Syria.”last_img read more

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